In this article, we will understand the basics of Judiciary or rather, the judicial system of India and try to prepare a ground, on the basis of which we will try to understand the entire judicial system in simple and easy language. You must read the article on Executive so that you know how executive and judiciary should be read.


Democracy is considered a successful institution because it has a system of proper justice. Social, economic and political justice has also been mentioned in the preamble. The judiciary is a part of the government separate from the government, which ensures the supremacy of the law.

In other words, it not only ensures the justice system but also gives direction to the government when needed. It is able to guide because it is an independent body.

And this independent body is because the legislature and the executive cannot unnecessarily obstruct the process of the judiciary. The government and other organs of the government also cannot obstruct the process of the court. This means that the judiciary does its work without any fear and favour.

Integrated Structure of Judiciary

If you look at this, then there is a federal system in the country. That is, the powers and jurisdiction of the center and the state are different. In the case of the judiciary, the system is integrated. That is, the Supreme Court is at the top, the High Court below it and the subordinate court below it.

In other words, the powers of the Court are not divided in the same way as it is divided between the Center and the States. Rather, the powers increase in a sequence from the lower court to the Supreme Court. You can see it in this chart how it represents an integrated system.

image source – ncert

Subordinate Courts, District Courts, High Courts and Supreme Courts mentioned in this chart; We will understand about all in detail in separate articles. All the links are given below

उच्चतम न्यायालय: भूमिका, गठन, इत्यादि
उच्चतम न्यायालय की स्वतंत्रता
Judicial Review in India (भारत में न्यायिक समीक्षा)
Jurisdiction of Supreme Court (उच्चतम न्यायालय का क्षेत्राधिकार)
Supreme Court Advocates (उच्चतम न्यायालय के अधिवक्ता)
Judicial review of ninth schedule explained in hindi
judicial activism in India (न्यायिक सक्रियता: अर्थ, फायदे, आदि)
Public interest litigation in india (PIL) (जनहित याचिका)
High Court in India (उच्च न्यायालय: गठन, भूमिका, स्वतंत्रता)
Jurisdictions of High Court in India (उच्च न्यायालय का क्षेत्राधिकार)
Difference between District and Sessions Court in hindi
Subordinate Courts (अधीनस्थ न्यायालय: अर्थ, संरचना, कार्यक्षेत्र आदि)
Lok Adalat in India (लोक अदालत: कार्य, विशेषताएँ आदि)
Gram Nyayalaya: village courts in india (ग्राम न्यायालय)
National Legal Services Authority in Hindi: NALSA
Family Court of India in Hindi (परिवार न्यायालय)


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