There are many types of missiles, such as air-to-air missiles, water-to-surface and air-to-air missiles and surface-to-air missiles, etc.

In this article, we will discuss the Surface to Air Missile and learn about its various features;

surface to air missiles

surface to air missile

There are generally four types of surface-to-air missiles.

  1. short-range surface-to-air missile
  2. medium-range surface-to-air missile
  3. Anti-Ballistic Missile
  4. Manpads (Man-portable air-defense systems)

Let us know which missiles of all these categories India has.

short-range surface-to-air missile

1.ย Trident

  • Producer โ€“ Ordnance Factory Board and Bharat Dynamics Limited
  • Weight โ€“ 130 kg
  • Length โ€“ 3.1 meters
  • Operating Range โ€“ Up to 9 kms
  • Speed โ€‹โ€‹โ€“ Mach 2 (approx 2400 kmph)
  • Capacity โ€“ Capable of carrying up to 15 kg warhead

2. Tunguska

(These specifications belong to the Tunguska 9M311 version)

  • Producer โ€“ Russia
  • Weight โ€“ 57 KG
  • Length โ€“ 2.56 meters
  • Operating Range โ€“ 8 to 10 kms
  • Speed โ€‹โ€‹โ€“ 3240 kmph
  • Capacity โ€“ Capable of carrying up to 9 kg warhead

3. Barak-1

  • Producer โ€“ Israel Aerospace Industry and Rafale Advanced Defense Systems (Israel)
  • Weight โ€“ 98 kg
  • Length โ€“ 2.1 meters
  • Diameter โ€“ 17 cm
  • Operating Capacity โ€“ Up to 12 kms
  • Speed โ€‹โ€‹โ€“ Mach 2.1 (approx 2600 kmph)
  • Capacity โ€“ Capable of carrying up to 22 kg warhead

It is specially designed to be dropped from the ship as well. And can go straight up to 5.5 kms.

4. Spider

It comes in short range and medium range (both) versions.

โ€“ Producer โ€“ Rafale Advanced Defense Systems (Israel)

Version โ€“ Spider (short range) Python-5
Spider (medium range) Derby

Weight โ€“ 105 kg (Python-5)
            118 kg (Derby)

Length โ€“ 3.1 m (Python-5)
3.62 m (Derby)

Diameter โ€“ 16 cm (of both)

Operating Range โ€“ 20 Kilometers (Python-5)
                         50 Kilometers (Derby)

Capacity โ€“ 11 kg (Python-5)
             23 kg (Derby)

Altitude Capacity โ€“ 9 Kilometers (Python-5)
                      16 Kilometers (Derby)

Speed โ€‹โ€‹โ€“ Mach 4 (approx 4800 kmph

Apart from this, there are also some short-range surface-to-air missiles such as โ€“ SA-8 Gecko, SA-3 Goa, SA-9 Gaskin, SA-2 Guideline, SA-13 Gopher, Seacat, Tigercat, Maitri.

medium-range surface-to-air missiles

1. Sky

  • Designer โ€“ DRDO (India)
  • Producer โ€“ Ordnance Factory Board, Bharat Dynamics and Bharat Electronics
  • Weight โ€“ 720 kg
  • Length โ€“ 5.78 meters
  • Diameter โ€“ 14 inches
  • Capable of carrying up to 60 kg of high explosive warhead
  • Operating Range โ€“ Up to 30 kms
  • Speed โ€‹โ€‹โ€“ 2.5 Mach (approx 3000 kmph)
  • Radar โ€“ Rajendra Radar

2. Barack 8

  • Designer โ€“ Israel Aerospace Industry (Israel) and DRDO (India)
  • Producer โ€“ Rafale Advanced Defense Systems (Israel) and Bharat Electronics
  • Weight โ€“ 275 kg
  • Length โ€“ 4.5 meters
  • Diameter โ€“ 0.54 m
  • Operating Range โ€“ Up to 100 kms
  • Speed โ€‹โ€‹โ€“ Mach 2 (approx 2400 kmph)

It also has a longer range variant called Barak-8ER, it has a slightly longer length and can hit 150 km.

There are some other medium range surface-to-air missiles but they are not so popular. These are SA-5 Gammon, SA-6 Gainful, SA-11 Gadfly, SA-17 Grizzly.

Anti-Ballistic Missile

Indian Ballistic Missile Defense Program

 It is an initiative to develop and deploy a multi-layered ballistic missile defense system to protect against ballistic missile attacks. It was developed mainly keeping in mind the threat of ballistic missile from Pakistan.

It is a two-stage system consisting of two land and sea-based interceptor missiles, namely Prithvi Air Defense (PAD) missile for high altitude interception, and Advanced Air Defense (AAD) for low altitude interception. Missile. This two-stage missile system is capable of intercepting any missile launched from a distance of 5,000 km.

The system also included an overlapping network of early warning and tracking radars, as well as command and control posts. The PAD was tested in November 2006, followed by the AAD in December 2007. With the test of the PAD missile, India became the fourth country after the United States, Russia and Israel to successfully develop a ballistic missile system.

1. Prithvi Air Defense (PAD)

  • It is an Exo-atmospheric ie Outer Atmospheric Anti-Ballistic Missile.
  • Producer โ€“ DRDO
  • Operating Range โ€“ Up to 2000 kms
  • Speed โ€‹โ€‹โ€“ Mach 5+
  • Capable of going up to 80 kms

2. Advanced Air Defense (AAD)

  • It is an Endo-atmospheric ie Intra-Atmospheric Anti-Ballistic Missile.
  • It can go up to a height of 30 km.
  • Producer โ€“ DRDO
  • Weight โ€“ 1200 KG
  • Length โ€“ 7.5 meters
  • Diameter โ€“ 1.6 feet  
  • Speed โ€‹โ€‹โ€“ 4 Mach+

Apart from this, there is also missile system like S-300 and S-400 is yet to come.

MANPADS (Man-portable air-defense systems)

It is a relatively small missile system that can be easily moved from place to place and launched on the ground or on the shoulder.

Eg โ€“ SA-16 Gimlet

  • Weight โ€“ Approx 11 KG
  • Length โ€“ 1.57 meters
  • Capacity โ€“ Can carry 1.1 KG warhead.
  • Operating Capacity โ€“ 5.2 kms

Some other Manpads of this type are SA-7 Grail, SA-14 Gremlin and SA-18 Grouse.

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