In this article, we will discuss the right to religious freedom in a simple and easy way, and try to understand its various important aspects.
So to understand well, definitely read the article till the end and also read other articles related to this topic.
Religion is not just a system of worship but it is the identity of our existence. And any civilized country will definitely give the right to maintain this identity of ours.
ये लेख मौलिक अधिकारों पर लिखे गए पिछले लेखों का कंटिन्यूएशन है। हम समता का अधिकार (Right to Equality), स्वतंत्रता का अधिकार (Right to Freedom) एवं शोषण के विरुद्ध अधिकार (Right against exploitation) पर चर्चा कर चुके है, उसे भी जरूर पढ़ें।
धर्म क्या है? (what is religion?)
धर्म – विश्वासों, सामाजिक-सांस्कृतिक प्रणालियों, साझा व्यवहार एवं विश्व विचारों का एक संगठित संग्रह है जो मानवता को अस्तित्व के एक क्रम से जोड़ता है।
आमतौर पर धर्म का एक प्रतीक, पवित्र इतिहास या ग्रंथ, पूजा पद्धति एवं विचारधारा होता है जिसका मुख्य उद्देश्य जीवन का अर्थ, उसकी उत्पत्ति या ब्रह्मांड की व्याख्या करना होता है।
इसके अलावा धर्म में देवी-देवताओं के अनुष्ठान, उपदेश, स्मरण या वंदना, बलिदान, त्योहार, दीक्षा, अन्त्येष्टि सेवाएँ, वैवाहिक सेवाएँ, ध्यान, संगीत, कला, नृत्य, मानव की सेवा आदि शामिल होते हैं।
कहने का अर्थ ये है की धर्म कोई छोटी-मोटी चीज़ नहीं है जिसे कम आंका जाये बल्कि मेरा तो ये मानना है कि धर्म, वायुमंडल में CO2 की तरह है जो कम हो जाये तो भी खतरनाक है और ज्यादा हो जाये तो भी खतरनाक है, लेकिन अगर संतुलित रहे तो ये फिर कमाल की चीज़ है।
what is religion? (what is religion?)
Religion is an organized collection of beliefs, socio-cultural systems, shared behavior and world views that link humanity to a sequence of existence.
Religion is usually a symbol, sacred history or text, system of worship and ideology whose main purpose is to explain the meaning of life, its origin or the universe.
Apart from this, religion includes rituals, preaching, remembrance or veneration of gods and goddesses, sacrifices, festivals, initiation, funeral services, matrimonial services, meditation, music, art, dance, service to human beings etc.
It means to say that religion is not a small thing that should be underestimated, but I believe that religion is like CO2 in the atmosphere, which is dangerous even if it decreases and is dangerous even if it becomes more. But if it is balanced, then it is a wonderful thing.
Religion Census 2011
So overall it is very important to maintain religion, that is why religious freedom is necessary. Secularism is also necessary so that religion should not affect the state too much . Our constitution ensures both of these.
Right to religious freedom and its types
Religious freedom is also mentioned in our preamble and this shows its importance. Religious freedom should also be given priority. Because in a way, our values, our values, our social norms are largely driven by religion.
However, sometimes as much as it serves to connect, it also creates separation. But if we give freedom to religions so that they can update themselves with the changing times, that too accepting the presence of other religions, then there is no harm in it.
Perhaps that is why we chose the path of secularism so that all religions can unite to establish a multi-religious society with a common goal of making India prosperous, to give India the prestige it deserves in the world, etc.
There are a total of four articles in the ‘ Right to Religious Freedom ‘ . Which you can see in the chart below.
|right to religious freedom|
|Article 25 – Freedom of conscience and free belief, conduct and propagation of religion|
Article 26 – Freedom to manage religious affairs Article 27 – Freedom from payment of taxes for the promotion of religion Article 28 – Freedom to attend religious education
Article 25 – Freedom of conscience and free to profess, practice and propagate religion
Subject to public order, morality and health and to the other provisions of this Part, all persons shall have an equal right to freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practice and propagate religion.
Overall, Article 25 ensures personal religious freedom . It has a total of four terms . All four mean something like this.
Freedom of conscience – Inner freedom for all to make their own relationship with God or His forms in their own way.
In other words, any person can have whatever relationship he wants with his God. If one wants, one can become a devotee of God and if one wants, one can also become a friend. So in this matter do whatever your conscience says.
Right to believe – Right to declare one’s religious belief and faith in public and without fear
To say, many people believe that there is no such thing as God, yet if you believe that there is a God, then accept it openly, accept the form of God, as you believe, as you believe. Believe it because it is your fundamental right.
Right to conduct – Right to perform religious rituals or rituals, customs or rituals or any ceremony and display one’s beliefs and ideas
It simply means that you can worship God in any way you want, in whatever way you want.
Right of propagation – and finally the right to propagate your religion has also been given so that you can spread your religion, spread its good things; So that there should be a kind of continuity in religion.
However, it does not mean conversion at all because doing so would amount to encroaching upon the freedom of conscience of that person.
Article 26 – Freedom to manage religious affairs
While Article 25 gives the right to individual religious freedom, Article 26 ensures the right to collective religious freedom.
Meaning that it ensures the right to religious freedom of religious groups, organizations, trusts etc. It talks about the following rights.
(a) it gives the right to establish and run institutions for religious purposes,
(b) gives the right to manage the affairs relating to his religion,
(c) gives the right to acquire and own property by religious works. And,
(d) gives the right to use such property according to the law.
Meaning overall, according to this article you can create a religious institution, run it according to your own way, earn money from it and can also use that money.
Article 27 – Freedom from payment of taxes for promotion of religion
No person shall be compelled to pay such taxes, the proceeds of which are specifically appropriated to be spent in the promotion or maintenance of any particular religion or religious denomination.
As we know India follows secularism. That is, people can have their own religion here, but the state will not have any religion of its own.
Beyond this, it is written in this article that – the state gives public money, which comes in the form of tax; It will not be used in any religious work nor will the state promote any religion.
It means to say that either there is no religion in the eyes of the state or all religions are equal in its eyes. Anyway, the work of the state is the welfare of the people and not the welfare of religion.
Article 28 – Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction
It basically talks about where religious education can be given and where it cannot. The following are some of its provisions.
(1) No religious instruction of any kind shall be imparted in any educational institution which is wholly maintained by the State. Just read above why the state cannot do this.
(2) But an institution which is administered by the state but established by a trust, then religious education can be given there.
(3) If any institution is recognized by the state or receives some grant by the state but its administration is not in the hands of the state, then religious education can be imparted voluntarily in such institutions, that is, if any person so desires. One can take religious education and may not even if he wants.
Overall, this was the right to religious freedom, hopefully understandable. The links of other articles are being given below, be sure to read them also.
Click here for the Right to Education and Culture (Articles 29 and 30) .
शिक्षा और संस्कृति संबंधी अधिकार (अनुच्छेद 29 और 30) के लिए यहाँ क्लिक करें।