Polity for UPSC

Constitution and Polity Articles

Articles related to Constitution, Society and Polity have been compiled on this page. Select and read the required polity article as desired. You can use the Table of Contents to get to a specific topic quickly. ๐Ÿ™‚

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Popular Polity Articles

โ—พ Human Trafficking : Meaning, Law & Ethics๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ India : An Outcome of Pre independence Events๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Reservation in India [1/4]๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Constitutional basis of reservation [2/4]๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Evolution of Reservation [3/4]๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Roster โ€“ Maths Behind Reservation [4/4]๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Creamy Layer: Background, Theory, Fact๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Cauvery Water Dispute: History and Present๐Ÿ” 

Basics of Constitution

โ—พ Article 1 to 395 [with Explanation]๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Indian Union and its Territories ๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ What is the Berubari case?๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Constitution making story๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Story of formation of Indian states๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Preamble : Meaning, Need, Purpose๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Anglo indian๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ What is citizenship?๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Overseas Indian Citizenship (OCI)๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Federal System of India ๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Parliamentary system of Government๐Ÿ” 

Fundamental Rights

โ—พ Fundamental Rights : Article 12 & 13๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Right to Equality ๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Right to Freedom๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Right against exploitation๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Right to religious freedom๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Right to Culture and Education๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Article 31
โ—พ Article 31A
โ—พ Article 31B
โ—พ Article 31C
โ—พ Right to constitutional remedies๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Types of writ and its scope๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Fundamental Rights Article 33, 34 & 35๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Conflict Between Fundamental Rights and DPSP๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Procedure established by law and due process of law๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Basic Structure of the Constitution๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Kesavananda Bharati Case๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ complete process of constitutional amendment๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ habeas corpus case 1976๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ AK Gopalan case 1950 and,๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Maneka Gandhi case 1978๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP)๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Parliamentary system of Government๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Federal System of India๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Co-operative federalism๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Fundamental Duties๐Ÿ” 

Center-State Relation

โ—พ Centre-State Legislative Relations๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Centre-State Administrative Relations๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Centre-State Financial Relations๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Finance Commission Article 280๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Inter-State Water Disputes, ๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Inter-State Council๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Cauvery Water Dispute: History, Present etc.๐Ÿ” 

Emergency in/of India

โ—พ National Emergency and its provisions๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Emergency 1975 : A Bitter Truth๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ President’s Rule, Provisions๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ The Bommai Case๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Financial Emergency๐Ÿ” 

Executive of India

โ—พ understand executive and judiciary๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ President of India : Basics๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Presidential Election Process๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Functions and Powers of the President๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Pardoning Power of the President๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ President’s veto power๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Types of majority๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Ordinance in India : Concept๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Vice President of India๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Prime minister of India๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Central Council of Ministers๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Kitchen cabinet๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Cabinet Committee ๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Difference b/w council of ministers and cabinet๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Attorney General of India๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Governor of the Indian states๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ President vs Governor๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Powers and Functions of Governor๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Chief Minister of Indian States๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ State Council of Ministers๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Advocate General of the state๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Federal System of India๐Ÿ” 

Parliament +

โ—พ Parliamentary system of Government๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Indian Parliament : Brief Discussion ๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Parliament: Powers and Functions๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Parliamentary Motion : Types, Features๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Parliamentary Resolution๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ The process of making laws in Parliament๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Money Bill and Finance Bill๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Lok Sabha : Role, Structure, Functions๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Lok Sabha Speaker: Powers and Functions๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Rajya Sabha: Constitution, Composition, Powers๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ How is the Rajya Sabha election held?๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Chairman of Rajya Sabha: Concepts๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Voting process in Parliament ๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Parliamentary Privileges: Meaning, Classification๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Parliamentary Forum: Objectives, Composition,๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Joint Sitting of both the houses๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Parliamentary Group ๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Instruments of Parliamentary Proceedings:๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Question Hour and Zero Hour๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Parliamentary Committees : Concept๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Budget โ€“ Complete Process and Implementation๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Consolidated, Public Account & Contingency Fund;๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ State Legislatures: Constitution, Functions,๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council :๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Legislative process in the legislature๐Ÿ” 

Judicial system and Procedure

โ—พ Judiciary (Introduction)๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ The Supreme Court: Role, Formation๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Independence of supreme court๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Judicial review in India๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Jurisdiction of Supreme Court๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Supreme Court’s Advocate๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Judicial Activism: Meaning, Benefits,๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ PIL – Public Interest Litigation๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ judicial review of the Ninth Schedule๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ High Court: Constitution, Independence๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ High Court Jurisdiction๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Subordinate Courts: Meaning, Structure,๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Difference b/w District and Sessions Court๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Lok Adalat: Functions, Features etc.๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Gram Nyayalaya : Concept๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ National Legal Services Authority: NALSA๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Family Court : everything you need to know๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Compoundable & Non-Compoundable Offences๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Bailable and Non-Bailable Offences๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Cognizable and Non- Cognizable Offences๐Ÿ” 

Election Related Article

โ—พ Election commission of india๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ The entire process of election: machinery๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Model Code of Conduct๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ What is EVM and VVPAT? ๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Voting Behaviour : Meaning, Features etc.๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Why is electoral reform necessary?๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ What is a Political Party ? ๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ What is Anti-defection law?๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ 91st Constitutional Amendment Act 2003๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Representation of the People Act 1950๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Representation of the People Act 1951๐Ÿ” 

Commissions in India

โ—พ Election commission of india (ECI)๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ State Public Service Commission (SPSC)๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Central Bureau of Investigation – CBI๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ State Human Rights Commission (SHRC)๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ central vigilance commission – CVC๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ central information commission – CIC๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Comptroller and Auditor General – CAG๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Finance Commission Article 280๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ National Commission for Scheduled Castes [NCSC]๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ National Commission for Scheduled Tribes [NCST]๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) (NCBC)๐Ÿ” 

Local Government in India

โ—พ History of Panchayati Raj๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Panchayati Raj: After Independence๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Municipal Corporation, Municipality: ๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Urban Local Self-Government๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Types of Urban Local Self-Government๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ PESA Act 1996: Brief Discussion๐Ÿ” 

Polity key differences

โ—พ Difference between NRI and Foreign Person of Indian Origin๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Difference between procedure established by law and due process of law๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Difference between martial law and national emergency๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Difference between Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Rights๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ difference between council of ministers and cabinet๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Difference between compoundable and non-compoundable offense๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Difference between bailable and non-bailable offenses๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Difference between cognizable and non cognizable offense๐Ÿ” 
โ—พ Difference between vertical and horizontal reservation๐Ÿ” 

—— Polity and Constitution For UPSC & PCS ——

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Disclaimer - The article presented here and its interpretation is/are based on the original constitution, DD Basu's interpretation on the constitution, M Laxmikant, Subhash Kashyap and Pramod Agarwal and various scholars of the constitution (whose articles are available in newspapers, magazines and audio-visuals on the Internet). We have just tried to make it interesting and easy to understand.