Various types of Parliamentary Motions, Parliamentary Resolutions, Question Hour and Zero Hour etc. come as instruments of parliamentary proceedings.
In this article, we will discuss Parliamentary resolutions in a simple and easy way, and try to understand its various important aspects.
Before reading this article, definitely understand the Parliamentary motion because it is related to that. It is also necessary to understand the difference between resolution and motions.
What is a Parliamentary Resolutions ?
Like a motion, a resolution is also a procedural measure which can be moved by members or ministers to raise discussion in the House on a matter of public importance.
A motion to be introduced in the House may be in the following forms, such as:- May be in the form of a declaration of an opinion or recommendation, may be calling attention to a matter or situation to be considered by the Government, may be in any form by which a message may be conveyed, in the form of a recommendation or solicitation for any action, or may be in such form as the Speaker or the Chairman may think fit.
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difference between resolution and Motions
The resolution and motions are so similar to each other that it is difficult to differentiate. At the level of subject-matter, the difference between these two is negligible because a resolution can also be brought on the subject on which the motion has been brought. So in reality what is the difference between these two is procedural.
◼ All resolutions fall under the category of Substantive Motions, that is, resolution is a specific type of motion. However, it is not necessary that all resolutions are Substantive Motions.
◼ Talking about a motion, it is not necessary to vote on it, whereas in the case of a resolution, it is necessary to vote on it. That is, if the presenting member wants that there should be a vote on that subject, then he will bring a resolution instead of a motion.
◼ Substitute motion can also be presented on the original motion or Substantive Motions, whereas on a resolution no substitute motion is moved. That is, if the member presenting wants that the subject matter moved by him should not be replaced by any other subject matter, then he will bring a resolution instead of the motion.
Classification of Resolutions
Resolutions can be classified into three categories :- 1. Private Members’ Resolution 2. Government Resolution 3. Statutory Resolution
1. Private Members Resolution – This resolution is brought by private members. The last two and a half hours of every other Friday meeting are earmarked for non-official resolutions. The member who wishes to move the resolution has to inform the Secretary-General. If the Speaker or the Chairman approves this resolution, then the member concerned moves the resolution and gives a speech on it. After that other members or ministers speak. If a member wishes, he can also move amendments thereto.
2. Government resolution – This resolution is brought by the minister, hence it is called government resolution. It can be brought on any day from Monday to Thursday. Here also the minister has to inform the Secretary General about the resolution being moved. After this, everything happens as it is in the non-official resolution.
The purpose of resolutions introduced by ministers is usually to seek the approval of the House on international treaties or agreements made by the government.
3. Statutory resolution – This resolution can be moved by a private member or by a minister, it is called a statutory resolution because it is brought under the provision or act of the constitution. As in some act it is clearly mentioned that the government should move the resolution within the stipulated time period.
After the private member’s resolution, official resolution and statutory resolution have been passed by the House, a copy of each resolution is sent by the Secretary-General to the Minister concerned.
So here is the parliamentary resolution, hope you have understood. Below are other articles related to Parliament, visit them also.