Generally, after passing a bill in one house of parliament, it is sent to the other house, if it is passed from here then it can become an act, but every time this does not happen, sometimes there is a deadlock on some issues. And that bill gets stuck by going to some house. In such a situation a joint sitting of both houses can be called.

In this article, we will discuss Joint sitting of both the Houses of Parliament in a simple and easy way, so read the article till the end for better understanding;

Joint sitting
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joint sitting of both the houses

We saw in the article on the process of framing a law in Parliament that under normal circumstances, a bill is passed by both the Houses of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha alternately and then goes to the President for his assent. But normalcy does not always prevail, sometimes such a situation arises that an important bill cannot be agreed upon in the House and a deadlock occurs on it.

In the event of a similar impasse, an extraordinary arrangement has been made by Article 108 of the Constitution for a joint sitting of both the Houses to discuss and pass the Bill.

It is called in any one of the following three circumstances, when a bill is passed by one House and sent to the other House; 

1. If that bill is rejected by the other house. 

2. If the House refuses to accept the amendments made in the Bill. 

3. More than 6 months go by without the second house passing the bill.

(Note- The period of six months does not count when the other House has been prorogued or adjourned for four consecutive days.)

In the above three circumstances, the President calls a joint sitting of both the Houses to settle the Bill and to discuss and vote on it. (The point to be remembered here is that a joint sitting can be called only in the case of an ordinary bill or a finance bill).

There is no provision for convening such a joint sitting in respect of a Money Bill or a Constitution Amendment Bill , because in the case of a Money Bill, the entire power lies with the Lok Sabha, whereas in respect of a Constitution Amendment Bill, the Bill is passed separately from both the Houses. is required to pass.

Provisions related to joint sitting of both the houses

If a Bill is omitted due to the dissolution of the Lok Sabha, a joint sitting cannot be called. But if the President has issued a notice before the dissolution of the Lok Sabha, then a joint sitting can be called.

When the President gives notice of such sitting, no House can proceed on this Bill after the President has given such notice.

The Speaker of the Lok Sabha presides over the joint sitting of both the Houses and in his absence, the Deputy Speaker performs this responsibility. If the Deputy Speaker is also absent, then the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha performs this responsibility. If the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha is also absent, the members present in the joint sitting decide who will preside over the joint sitting.

(The point to be remembered here is that in the ordinary case this joint sitting is not presided over by the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha as he is not a member of either House.)

Lok Sabha: Role, Structure, FunctionsHindiEnglish
Rajya Sabha: Constitution, PowersHindiEnglish
Parliamentary MotionHindiEnglish

bill passing process

The quorum of this joint sitting is one tenth of the total number of members of both the houses. That is, for the conduct of a joint sitting, at least 10 percent of the members of both the houses should be there.

The proceedings of a joint sitting are conducted in accordance with the rules of procedure of the Lok Sabha and not the rules of the Rajya Sabha.

If the disputed bill is passed in this joint sitting by a majority of the number of MPs present and voting in both the houses, then it is assumed that the bill has been passed by both the houses. Generally, due to the large number of members of the Lok Sabha, it has more power in this joint sitting.

The Constitution provides that no amendment can be made at this joint sitting except under two circumstances:

1. Amendments about which both the Houses have not been able to take a final decision, and

2. Those amendments which have become necessary due to delay in the passing of this Bill.

Since 1950, joint sittings of both the houses have been called thrice. The bills which were passed during this joint sitting are: 1. Dowry Prohibition Bill 1960 2. Bank Service Commission Bill 1977 3. Prevention of Terrorism Bill 2002.

So overall this is the joint sitting of both the houses of the Parliament, I hope it is understood. Other important articles written on Parliament are being given below, definitely visit them too.

Practice quiz upsc

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process of making laws in Parliament
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Voting process in Parliament
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Parliamentary Committees
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