The Indian Parliamentary Group is an autonomous institution whose main objective is to promote personal interaction between the members of the Indian Parliament as well as the members of the Foreign Parliament.

In this article, we will discuss the Indian Parliamentary Group ( IPG ) in a simple and easy way, and try to understand its various important aspects, then definitely read the article till the end.

Indian Parliamentary Group
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Parliamentary group needed

The whole world is always grappling with one or the other problems, the problem a country is facing today, tomorrow we may also have to face it because in this era of globalization the interdependence of nations on each other has increased a lot. In such a situation, if there is a connection between the parliamentarians of different countries, then by learning from each other’s experiences, the governance system can be greatly strengthened. That is why the parliamentary group was formed. 

The group discusses its problems and seeks solutions as well as acts as an Indian wing of the Inter-Parliamentary Union and the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association. [What is Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and Commonwealth Parliamentary Union (CPA) is further discussed here]

Constitution of Indian Parliamentary Group

When India became independent in 1947, the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (CPA) requested India to become its member and open Indian branches. For the purpose of implementing this request, an autonomous body named ‘Indian Parliamentary Group’ was established. It was established in 1949.

All members of Parliament can be members of this group, even former MPs can be its associate members. However, the rights of associate members are limited such that they are not allowed to participate in conferences and meetings of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (CPA).

The Speaker of the Lok Sabha is its ex-officio Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha and the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha are the ex-officio Deputy Speakers of this group. The Secretary General of the Lok Sabha is the ex-officio Secretary General of this group.

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Objectives of the Indian Parliamentary Group

The Indian Parliamentary Group has the following objectives:

1. To increase interaction between Members of Parliament and to organize lectures by MPs and dignitaries on political, security, economic, social and educational problems

2. To study questions of public importance that are about to arise in the Parliament as well as to publish documents for transmitting information among the members of the group.

3. Organizing foreign tours so as to develop contacts with the members of parliaments of other countries.

Functions of Parliamentary Group

The following tasks and activities are performed by this group:-

1. The Indian Parliamentary Group acts as a link between the Parliament of India and other Parliaments of the world. Good luck missions, correspondence and documents are exchanged to maintain this link.

2. The group serves as the main branch of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (CPA).

3. The addresses of the heads of state of foreign parliament members and talks by prominent persons are organized by this group.

4. Seminars on parliamentary subjects of social importance are organized from time to time at national and international level.

5. The introduction of the members of the visiting group is sent to the secretaries of the Inter-Parliamentary Group (IPU) and branches of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Group (CPA).

6. In the Indian Parliamentary delegation going abroad, only those MPs are included who have become members of the group six months before the formation of the delegation.
7. An Inter-Parliamentary Group Newsletter is published every quarter to ensure that the information reaches the members continuously and it is sent regularly to every member

8. A committee is formed by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, who invites and decides the names for the award.

9. Friendship groups are formed with the parliamentarians of other countries to maintain political, social and cultural equities.

What is Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)?

The Inter-parliamentary union is an international organization of parliamentarians from sovereign states. Which currently includes the parliaments of 153 countries. Its goal is to work for peace and cooperation among people around the world. It promotes liaison, coordination between various parliaments and parliamentarians. It expresses its views on all burning issues of international importance and also suggests measures to improve the working standards and capabilities of international institutions.

What is Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (CPA)?

The Commonwealth Parliamentary Association is an association of approximately 17,000 Commonwealth Parliamentarians from 175 national, state and provincial parliaments. between Commonwealth countries and countries with which they have had close parliamentary and historical ties; Its goal has been to increase knowledge and understanding about the constitutional, legislative, economic, social and cultural system.

Commonwealth Countries are those countries which were once under British rule. The game which is organized between these countries is known as Commonwealth Games . Which was organized in Delhi in 2010.

Membership of this group has the following advantages :-

1. Its membership gives opportunity to participate in regional conferences, seminars, excursions and exchange of delegations
2. All its members receive ‘The Parliamentarian’ quarterly and newsletter First reading’ each. Receives the second month
3. Commonwealth Parliamentary Group Branches conducts introductions during visits to countries or territories
4. Parliamentary etiquette is exercised towards members during visits to other Commonwealth countries.

Benefits of Membership of the Indian Parliamentary Group

The Indian Parliamentary Group (IPG), as we have read above, acts as the main branch of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (CPA). As such, membership of the Indian Parliamentary Group has the following advantages;

(a) Travel facilities and concessions: In some Commonwealth countries, train fares are available at reduced rates to visiting union members and in some cases to their family members as well. .

(b) Introduction and hospitality : Each branch of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (CPA) ensures that their visiting members are warmly welcomed and are accorded parliamentary privileges and other facilities during their visits .

(c) Preferential Treatment: The Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (CPA) has provided that when visiting a Commonwealth country, their members are treated like Members of Parliament. For this, visiting members are allowed to enter the gallery, lobby and dining halls of the host country’s parliament so that they can listen to debates and interact with fellow members of the union.

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