In this short article, we will try to understand very briefly, how does a chameleon change its color?ย So read this informative article till the end.

Why does a chameleon change its color ?  

Before a chameleon changes its color, it is important to know why chameleons change their color.

It is not only about chameleons, many other types of creatures like squid, octopus and some types of butterflies have also been given the power by nature to change their appearance in self defense.

In other words, it is a chameleon’s way of self-defense, in fact the color of the environment in which the chameleon lives is similar to that, so that they are not visible from a distance. 

At the same time, changing the color is also his courtship style, that is, he also changes color to attract his partner.

How does a chameleon change its color ?

Now how does it change color โ€“ so chameleons have two layered or superimposed layers of skin that control their color and temperature.

Their upper skin is transparent, beneath which are layers of specialized cells called chromatophores.

Mature chromatophores are classified into subclasses on the basis of their colour- i.e.,

Xanthophores (for yellow), erythrophores (for red),
iridophores (these
act like tiny mirrors that selectively reflect and absorb colours),
cyanophores (for blue) and
melanophores , containing a substance called melanin. element exists.

When the melanophore cell is activated, the chameleon appears green with a mixture of blue and yellow, or a mixture of blue and red.

But when the chameleon is angry, black particles emerge, the chameleon appears dark brown. 

As soon as the danger message is sent to their brain, their brain sends signals to those cells and these cells start expanding and shrinking accordingly and the color of the chameleon starts changing. 

You can see how the chameleon changes its color in the video below.

Some facts about chameleon _

, Although a chameleon has legs but it is a reptile. That is, chameleon comes in the category of crawling creatures.

, Some lizards may detach their tails when caught by predators. Anyway, if the chameleon’s tail is cut off, it grows again.

, Chameleons’ upper and lower eyelids fuse, leaving just a small hole for them to see. However, they can move their eyes independently, allowing them to see in two different directions at the same time.

, Chameleons have long tongues, and they pull them out of their mouths so quickly that they lick their prey before humans can blink.

, There are some chameleons that do not have the ability to change color.

, The gecko lizard has no eyelids and its toes are so strong that it can climb even small mountains.

, The Komodo dragon is the largest type of lizard, which can grow up to 3 m (10 ft) in length. These are found on many different Indonesian islands. Komodo dragons are carnivores (meat eaters) and can be very aggressive.