In this article, we will discuss governance and administration in a simple and easy way and try to understand the difference between them.
Often we use governance and administration as the same thing, this is probably because the sense of hegemony that comes from these two names is referring to the same type of institution. So let’s understand this whole concept. Be sure to read our other articles now. 💫 Key Differences
You can consider governance as a sentiment which has been strengthened during our development process. After all, who does not want to get his point, does not want to raise his status further.
So in ancient times it was not a system to choose the people of their choice and accept their control or suzerainty. That is why the situation of “whose stick is his buffalo” has been established, if you, your family , or your society is stronger than others, then you bow down to the front on the strength of power and then establish your control over it. The system of governance started in this way, but remember there are many other aspects to it, such as an inherent condition of living as a society is that we should be ruled by someone or we should be ruled by someone. Because if this does not happen then everyone will do it of their own mind and in such a situation it will be difficult for human beings to move forward together as a society.
So as long as the royalty lasted, the king used to take over the responsibility of governance, then gradually the institution like democracy got stronger and the people started choosing the one who governs themselves.
If we ask a simple question that someone rules us, what does it mean? So we can say, the ruler provides security to a particular geographical boundary and the people living in it. This protection is not only from outsiders but also from our own people. Along with this, it maintains a system in which people can move forward as a society, etc.
Meaning of the word Governance
It means to command, to preach or to rule. In other words, it means to put someone under his control, so that he does not act contrary to the prescribed rules, order, orders etc.
Talking about the goal of governance, it is; To make arrangements to control the country, province, place, institution or organization etc. in such a way that anarchy does not arise in any way. In any country, the king, general , president or group of ministers runs the rule there.
In Arabic, हुक़ूमत is used for this. And there are many words for this in English, which are used in different contexts, such as rule, regime, governance, domination, gubernation and masterdom etc.
Keeping someone under control and getting him to do things according to his will is also to rule; For example, his family rules over him.
The method of governing a country or a state is called a system of governance and the principle on which the system of governance is done is called governance system .
So much so that we have understood that what is called a rule, now you yourself think that if a ruler has said something, or has given a decision, then why should people obey it. They are just a few people who decide the rules, or give the verdict, then why does the public listen to them.
This is because the public knows that if we disobey or refuse to obey the rules laid down, we will have to face the consequences, may be imprisoned or may be fined.
Obviously, a handful of people who run the government will not do all these things. All these things will be done by someone among us who has taken the responsibility of implementing the words of the ruler or has taken an oath. These people are called administrators and what they do is called administration .
That is, administration is a part of the government, whose main purpose is to make arrangements for work and to follow the rules. In other words, it is administration to translate the rights and duties of citizens into action .
Overall Governance and Administration
The history of administration is very old, in the “Arthashastra” written by Chanakya, administrative activities and administrative values have been discussed in detail. Its glimpse can be seen in the administration of the Maurya rule. So it means to say that both governance and administration are seen together or rather that administration is a fundamental element of governance.
However, remember here that Woodrow Wilson (1856–1924) is considered the father of the public administration we talk about today or the system we live in. Because during the time of King-Maharaja, people were “subjects” but in today’s system there are “citizens”.
Overall, administration is such a system of governance, through which the government implements its laws. The place of governance is above the administration, because the administration implements its rules, instructions, etc.
Hope you have understood this article, here it is also important to understand that there is also a difference between administration and management , for what happens, you must read the given article, and also read other articles given below. Difference : administration and management