Civilization and culture are both widely used words, although generally we are unaware of the difference between them and use these two words as synonyms;
In this article, we will discuss civilization and culture in a simple and easy way and clarify some basic differences between it, so read the article till the end; And also like our Facebook page for new content everyday . 💫 Key Differences
civilization and culture
What religion do we follow, what food we eat, what we wear, how we wear it, our language, marriage, music, what we believe to be right or wrong, how we sit at tables, how we treat visitors, how we greet, how we treat loved ones and a million other things that make up our identity is Culture.
From the above sentences you can understand what level of culture is. And speaking of civilization, all the things that we have mentioned above and in addition to this there are millions of other things that we do or we engage in; From it we directly attain a coordinated material progress, which we call civilization.
Europe, India, Russia and China are known for their rich cultures, especially India, which is famous all over the world for its cultural diversity, and constantly attracts tourists. [Let us understand this in detail.]
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Culture is related to Sanskara. And sanskara means to establish the right values of life by removing the clumsiness or errors so that they can become useful for the society.
In other words, culture is the intellectual effort made by human beings to make life beautiful. Culture is the basic element of any civilization.
As we know,The word “culture” is derived from a French word “ colere ”, which means to move towards the earth, or to cultivate and nurture.
If we consider a human as a civilization, then its soul is culture, if we consider a flower as a civilization, then its fragrance is culture. That is to say, the economic, political, scientific and social achievements (that is, direct material achievements) that make the life journey of man easy are called civilization. Whereas the spiritual, moral, intellectual and mental achievements that indirectly enrich human life are called culture.
It is said that both civilization and culture are two sides of the same coin, that is, if there is a civilization, then sooner or later the culture develops.
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example of culture
Western culture It is generally used to refer to the culture of European countries and other countries influenced by it. As in America, this type of culture is known for its physical openness, fast food, etc.
Indian culture – It is commonly used for the culture of the countries of the Indian sub-continent. Its specialty is to move forward with today’s beliefs and beliefs by taking its rich traditions along.
Eastern culture Eastern culture generally refers to the social norms of countries in Far East Asia (including China, Japan, Vietnam, North Korea and South Korea) and to a lesser extent the Indian subcontinent. Like the West, Eastern culture has been heavily influenced by religion as well as agricultural practices during its early development. That is why agriculture is a fundamental element in the culture here.
African culture Like the culture of the Indian sub-continent, African culture varies not only across national boundaries, but also within them. One of the key features of this culture is the large number of ethnic groups in the 54 countries of the continent. For example, there are over 300 tribes in Nigeria alone. That is why it is very difficult to cast the culture of the whole of Africa in one mould.
According to Britannica , some traditional sub-Saharan African cultures include the Maasai of Tanzania and Kenya, the Zulu of South Africa, and the Batwa of Central Africa. The traditions of these cultures developed in very different environments. The Batwa, for example, are one of the ethnic groups that traditionally live a forest-dwelling lifestyle in the rainforest. Maasai, on the other hand, graze sheep and goats in the open area.
Latin Culture – Latin America is usually defined as those parts of Central America, South America, and Mexico where Spanish or Portuguese are the predominant languages. All these places were colonies of Spain or Portugal. That is why the culture here has a mixture of Catholic traditions as well as the local culture and the culture brought by the Africans.
Middle Eastern cultureBroadly speaking, the Middle East includes the Arabian Peninsula as well as the eastern Mediterranean. The region is the birthplace of Judaism, Christianity and Islam and is home to dozens of languages, from Arabic to Hebrew to Turkish to Pashto. Due to the adverse weather conditions and the impact of Sharia law on common life, the culture here emerges in a different form.
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Civilized , has evolved from assembly. In ancient times, there used to be a meeting of gentry or kings in which the people of the upper class of that time or what is called the aristocrat class could attend there. All these people and apart from them any person who was considered worthy to attend this meeting was called civilized .
Over a period of time a person having good thoughts and behaving like good people came to be called civilized. Civilization is the state of human beings being polite and gentle. For example, if we talk about the Indus Valley Civilization, in general we call its civilization, because of the conduct, behavior, lifestyle, social fabric, economic activities of the people of that time .
In other words, it is the external and material progress of human society, which man has achieved in the temporal, practical and social sphere from the primitive age till now.
Civilization includes all those achievements, which man has achieved in order to conquer nature and make life easier. Like building dams on a river, building roads, building houses and drains, making fine clothes, etc.
Aaccording to Wikipedia , a civilization is a complex society that has urban development, social stratification, a form of government, and symbolic systems of communication.
In addition, civilizations are also associated with additional features such as centralization, species of plants and animals (including humans), specialization of labor, culturally rooted ideology of progress, monumental architecture, taxation, social dependence on agriculture, and expansionism.
The Acropolis of Athens is widely known as the cradle of Western civilization and the birthplace of democracy. In the same way the Indus-Saraswati civilization is seen by connecting it with the Indian civilization.
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Overall difference between civilization and culture
Overall, civilization is the economic, political, scientific and social achievements that make life easier for human beings. That is, it is the direct and material achievements of man, whereas the spiritual , moral, intellectual and mental achievements that enrich human life indirectly are culture.
Philosophy, thinking, assessment, literature, etc., which enrich and refine the personality, are related to culture. That is why when we talk about life values, principles, ideals, customs and practices etc., then it is called culture.
While speaking of civilization on a larger scale, historically, “a civilization” is often understood to mean a larger and “more advanced” culture, such as Western civilization , Indian civilization, Roman Civilization etc.
What is Culture?
In other words, culture is the intellectual effort made by human beings to make life beautiful. Culture is the basic element of any civilization. What religion do we follow, what food we eat, what we wear, how we wear it, our language, marriage, music, what we believe to be right or wrong, how we sit at tables, how we treat visitors Culture is how we greet, how we treat loved ones and a million other things that make up our identity.
What is Civilization?
Civilization is the economic, political, scientific and social achievements that make life easier for human beings. These are the direct and material achievements of man. Historically, “a civilization” is often understood to mean a larger and “more advanced” culture.
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