Parliament is made up of three components; President, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. The Presiding Officer of the Lok Sabha is called the Speaker and the Presiding Officer of the Rajya Sabha is called the Chairman of Rajya Sabha .
In this article we will discuss the Chairman of Rajya Sabha and understand its various important aspects; So to understand well, definitely read the article till the end, as well as read other related articles.
What is Rajya Sabha?
The Rajya Sabha is a body indirectly representing the states. Under Article 79 , Parliament has been provided as the highest representative body of the country. This Parliament has two houses, out of which the lower house is called the Lok Sabha and the upper house is called the Rajya Sabha.
The upper house of the Parliament is called the Rajya Sabha . Its members are not elected directly by the public, but they come by indirectly electing them. At present, 245 seats are in effect in the Rajya Sabha, out of which elections are held to elect 233 members, while 12 members are nominated by the President.
Just as there is a Speaker for the conduct of the business of the Lok Sabha, in the same way there is a Speaker for the conduct of the business of the Rajya Sabha, who is called the Chairman of Rajya Sabha. [ Know in detail about Rajya Sabha]
Chairman of Rajya Sabha
The Presiding Officer or Speaker of the Rajya Sabha is called the Chairman. Whoever becomes the Vice President of the country automatically becomes the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. That is, like in the Lok Sabha, the Speaker is not elected from among the members here. Rather, the Vice-President performs his role as the Chairman. However, when the Vice-President becomes the President, he does not act as the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.
|Lok Sabha: Role, Structure, Functions||Hindi||English|
|Rajya Sabha: Constitution, Powers||Hindi||English|
Qualifications of the Chairman
In order to become a chairman, it is necessary to fulfill the following qualifications-
1. He should be a citizen of India 2. At least 30 years of age 3. Not a declared criminal or insolvent. That is, he should not be in debt and should have the ability to meet his financial expenses. 4. Should not hold any office of profit under the Government of India.
Removal of the Chairman
As mentioned above, the Chairman becomes the one who is the Vice-President, so obviously if he is removed from the post of Vice-President, then he will also be removed from the post of Chairman. That is, the Chairman of Rajya Sabha can be removed from office only when he is removed from the post of Vice President. Secondly, if he himself resigns from the post of Vice-President, then he will also cease to be the Chairman.
When a resolution to remove the Vice-President from the post of Chairman is under consideration or voting is going on in the Rajya Sabha, he shall not be the Presiding Officer of the Rajya Sabha, though he may be present in the House, speak and take part in the proceedings of the House. But can’t give.
At the same time, when the resolution to remove the Speaker of the Lok Sabha is under consideration, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha can vote for the first time.
Facts related to the Chairman of Rajya Sabha
As a presiding officer, the powers and functions of the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha are similar to those of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, except that the Speaker of the Lok Sabha has the following special powers, which the Speaker does not have.
(1) The Speaker of the Lok Sabha has the power to decide whether a Bill is a Money Bill or not and his decision in this regard is final. The Chairman has no such powers.
(2) During a joint sitting of both the Houses, only the Speaker of the Lok Sabha can be the presiding officer and not the Chairman.
The Speaker of the Lok Sabha is a member of the House while the Chairman is not a member of the House. But during voting, if the votes of both the parties are equal, then like the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha can also cast his vote.
Like the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the salary and allowances of the Speaker are also determined by the Parliament, which are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India.
When the Vice President acts as the President, he does not receive any salary or allowances from the Rajya Sabha. That is, when he is the President, he receives the salary and allowances of the President.
Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha
The Rajya Sabha chooses its Deputy Speaker from among its members. When the seat of the Deputy Chairman becomes vacant for any reason, the members of the Rajya Sabha elect a new Deputy Chairman from amongst themselves.
The Deputy Chairman usually leaves his office for one of the following three reasons:- 1. If his membership is terminated from the Rajya Sabha 2. If he submits his resignation in writing to the Chairman 3. If the Rajya Sabha passes a resolution to remove him by majority But any such offer can be made only after 14 days prior notice.
In case the office of the Chairman is vacant in the House or in the absence of the Chairman, the Deputy Chairman acts as the Chairman. When this happens, he gets all the powers of the Chairman.
Keep one thing in mind that the Deputy Chairman is not subordinate to the Chairman but is directly responsible to the Rajya Sabha.
Like the Chairman, the Deputy Chairman cannot vote first during the proceedings of the House, but he can cast his vote in case of an equal number of votes from both the sides.
Like the Chairman, when a motion to remove him is under consideration or voting is going on, he does not preside over the proceedings of the House, although he can be present in the House, he can also speak.
When the Chairman is presiding the Rajya Sabha, the Deputy Chairman is like an ordinary member. He can speak, take part in the proceedings and can also vote in case of voting.
Like the Chairman, the Deputy Speaker also gets the salary and allowances fixed by the Parliament, the payment of which is charged on the Consolidated Fund of India.
Table of Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha
Under the rules of the Rajya Sabha, the Chairman nominates 10 Deputy Speakers from among its members and forms a panel. When the original Chairman and the Deputy Chairman are absent in the House, either of them can preside over the House. When this happens, he gets the same authority and powers as the Chairman.
But when none of the Deputy Speakers from this panel is present in the House, then the other person, whom the House has decided, acts as the Chairman.
One thing to remember here is that if the office of the Chairman and the Vice-Chairman is vacant, then the member of this panel cannot conduct that business. To fill this vacancy, elections are held as soon as possible.
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