Understanding of Basics of Election

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Basics of election

India has a parliamentary system as defined by its constitution, with power distributed between the central government and the states.

The President of India is the ceremonial head of state of the country and the supreme commander-in-chief of all the defense forces of India.

However, it is the Indian Prime Minister who is the leader of the party or political alliance who has the majority in the national elections of the Lok Sabha. The Prime Minister is the head of the executive branch of the Indian government. The Prime Minister is the principal adviser to the President of India and the head of the Union Council of Ministers. India is divided regionally into States (and Union Territories) and each State has a Governor who is the head of state, but the de facto executive authority rests with the Prime Minister who is the leader of the party or of the political alliance that won the majority in regional elections, also known as State Assembly elections, which exercises executive powers in that state. The Prime Minister of the respective state has executive powers within the state and works together with the Indian Prime Minister or his ministers on matters requiring state and central attention. Some Union territories also elect an assembly and have a territorial government and other (mainly smaller) Union territories are governed by an appointee of the President of India.

The President of India oversees the rule of law through the appointed Governors in each state and, upon their recommendation, can assume executive powers of the Prime Minister of the State, temporarily when elected representatives of the state government have failed to create a peaceful environment . and it has degenerated into chaos. The president of India dissolves the existing state government if necessary and new elections are held. [ref]

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