This article is a compilation of Article 51 as it is. You can understand it well, that’s why its explanation is also given below, you must read it. Its explanation is also available in Hindi, for this you can use the link given below;
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|📖 Read This Article in Hindi|
📜 Article 51
|51. Promotion of international peace and security. — The State shall endeavour to—|
(a) promote international peace and security;
(b) maintain just and honourable relations between nations;
(c) foster respect for international law and treaty obligations in the dealings of organised peoples with one another; and
(d) encourage settlement of international disputes by arbitration.
The literal meaning of the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) is the principles that guide the policy of the state .
When the constitution was framed, the people had no experience of ruling in a democratic state and making laws in the interest of the country. Especially for the states that were about to take over after a long colonial period.
As we know that it is not mandatory for politicians in our country to be educated . In such a situation, a guide becomes necessary so that the policy makers always know which way to go.
◾ It was not that DPSP was a new idea but it was already working in Ireland and we took it from there.
◾ The Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) are the guidelines for making laws and policies for the welfare and development of the citizens. These are included in Part IV of the Indian Constitution.
These principles are non-enforceable, meaning they are not enforceable by the courts, however, are considered fundamental in the governance of the country and must be taken into account by the government while formulating laws and policies.
Overall, policy-directive elements are those elements of democratic and constitutional development whose objective is to establish a public-welfare state.
Classification of DPSP — Below you can see the classification of Directive Principles. This will make it easier for you to understand why the articles you are reading have been included in the DPSP and for what purposes it has been targeted.
|Socialist||⚫ Article 38|
⚫ Article 39
⚫ Article 39A
⚫ Article 41
⚫ Article 42
⚫ Article 43
⚫ Article 43A
⚫ Article 47
|Gandhian||⚫ Article 40|
⚫ Article 43
⚫ Article 43B
⚫ Article 46
⚫ Article 48
|⚫ Article 44|
⚫ Article 45
⚫ Article 48
⚫ Article 48A
⚫ Article 49
⚫ Article 50
⚫ Article 51
Apart from this, the directive elements can also be seen by dividing them into the following groups;
Welfare State Article 38 (1 and 2), Article 39 (B and C), Article 39A, Article 41, Article 42, Article 43, Article 43A and Article 47 are kept in the Policy Directive Principles of this group.
Equality of Dignity & Opportunity Articles 40, 41, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48 and 50 are kept in the policy directive elements of this group.
individual ‘s rights Articles 39A, 41, 42, 43, 45 and 47 are kept in the Policy Directive Principles of this group.
Article 36 to Article 51 comes under Part 4 of the Constitution. In this article we are going to understand Article 51 ;
|Article 51 – Promotion of international peace and security
Under this article, the state shall endeavor to promote international peace and security . Under this the state has been given four responsibilities;
first The State shall endeavor to promote international peace and security.
The Government of India has several initiatives and policies to promote international peace and security. Contains:
India’s “non-aligned” foreign policy , which emphasizes maintaining friendly relations with all countries, and avoiding alliances with any particular military or economic bloc.
India’s participation in peacekeeping operations through the United Nations , which includes the deployment of troops and police officers in countries such as Lebanon, Kosovo and Afghanistan.
India’s role as a mediator in conflicts and disputes between other countries , such as its efforts to bring about a peaceful resolution to the civil war in Sri Lanka.
India’s support for disarmament and non-proliferation , including its commitment to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT).
India’s contribution to the United Nations Peacebuilding Fund and its engagement with regional organizations such as the African Union, ASEAN and SAARC to maintain peace and security in the region.
India contributes to the International Solar Alliance and the International Renewable Energy Agency, which promote sustainable development and help prevent conflict over resources.
Overall, India’s efforts to promote international peace and security are based on the principles of multilateralism, non-violence and respect for international law.
the second The State shall endeavor to maintain just and honorable relations between nations .
The Government of India has a long tradition of striving to maintain just and honorable relations between nations. Some of the major efforts in this regard include:
India’s “non-aligned” foreign policy , which emphasizes maintaining friendly relations with all countries and avoiding alliances with any particular military or economic bloc. This allows India to maintain good relations with countries of diverse ideologies, cultures and economic systems.
India’s “Look East” policy , which focuses on strengthening economic and strategic ties with countries in the Asia-Pacific region, including Japan, South Korea, Australia and ASEAN countries.
India’s “Act East” policy , which focuses on expanding economic, political and security cooperation with countries in the Asia-Pacific region and building a free, open and inclusive Indo-Pacific region.
India’s efforts to promote dialogue and conflict resolution among nations through its participation in the United Nations and other international organizations and through bilateral and multilateral diplomacy.
India’s commitment to the principles of multilateralism , non-violence and respect for international law, which guides its approach to foreign policy and relations with other countries.
India’s support for the United Nations and the maintenance of international peace and security through its active participation in UN peacekeeping operations , disarmament negotiations and efforts to promote sustainable development.
Overall, India’s efforts to maintain just and dignified relations between nations are based on the principles of mutual respect, cooperation and peaceful settlement of disputes.
the third The State shall endeavor to promote respect for international law and treaty obligations in the dealings of organized peoples with one another .
The Government of India has made significant efforts to promote respect for international law and treaty obligations. Some of these efforts include:
India’s commitment to the UN Charter and UN principles, such as the peaceful resolution of disputes, respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of states, and the promotion of human rights and social development.
India’s active participation in the work of the United Nations and other international organizations , such as the World Trade Organization (WTO), the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), and the World Health Organization (WHO), has promoted respect for international law. .
India’s support for the International Criminal Court (ICC) and its efforts to promote the rule of law and accountability for serious international crimes such as genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity has been commendable.
India’s efforts to promote peaceful settlement of disputes through the International Court of Justice (ICJ) and other international tribunals and through bilateral and multilateral diplomacy are well known.
India has always been supportive of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and strives to ensure the peaceful and orderly use of the oceans and the protection of their resources.
India has been supportive of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and efforts to conserve biological diversity and its sustainable use.
India’s support for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and India’s efforts to adapt and mitigate the negative effects of climate change are noteworthy.
Overall, India’s efforts to promote respect for international law and treaty obligations are based on principles of cooperation, peaceful resolution of disputes and respect for the rule of law.
the fourth The State shall endeavor to encourage the settlement of international disputes by arbitration .
India has made significant efforts to encourage the settlement of international disputes by arbitration. Some of these efforts include:
India’s support for the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) and other international arbitration institutions, such as the International Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) and the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC).
India’s participation in the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) and other international organizations that promote the use of arbitration to settle international disputes.
India’s efforts to promote the use of arbitration through bilateral and multilateral agreements , such as the United Nations Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (New York Convention).
India’s efforts to set up an International Commercial Court (ICC) to provide a forum for settlement of international commercial disputes in a timely, efficient and cost-effective manner.
India’s efforts to promote the use of arbitration as an alternative to litigation in domestic disputes through the establishment of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996 , which provides a framework for the conduct of domestic and international arbitration.
India’s efforts to promote investment arbitration by signing more than 120 Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs) and various Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) with other countries to provide protection and fair treatment to foreign investors .
India’s efforts to promote the use of arbitration and other forms of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) as a means to settle disputes amicably and avoid litigation.
Overall, India’s efforts to encourage the settlement of international disputes by arbitration are based on the principles of cooperation, peaceful resolution of disputes, respect for the rule of law, and efficient and cost-effective dispute resolution.
So overall this is Article 51, I hope you have understood. To understand other article, you can use the link given below.
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Disclaimer - The articles and their interpretations presented here are based on the original Constitution (latest edition), DD Basu's commentary on the Constitution (mainly) and various scholars of the Constitution (whose writings are available in newspapers, magazines and audio-visuals on the Internet). We have just tried to make it interesting and easy to understand.