This article is a compilation of Article 47 as it is. You can understand it well, that’s why its explanation is also given below, you must read it. Its explanation is also available in Hindi, for this you can use the link given below;

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article 47
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Article 47

📜 Article 47

47. Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.—The State shall regard the raising of the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its people and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties and, in particular, the State shall endeavour to bring about prohibition of the consumption except for medicinal purposes of intoxicating drinks and of drugs which are injurious to health.

🔍 Explanation

 The literal meaning of the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) is the principles that guide the policy of the  state .

When  the constitution  was framed, the people had  no experience of ruling in a democratic state and making laws in the interest of the country. Especially for the states that were about to take over after a long colonial period.

As we know that   it is not mandatory for politicians in our country to be educated . In such a situation, a guide becomes necessary so that the policy makers always know which way to go.

◾ It was not that DPSP was a new idea but   it was already working in Ireland and we took it from there.

◾ The Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) are the guidelines for making laws and policies for the welfare and development of the citizens. These are included in Part IV of the Indian Constitution.

These principles are non-enforceable, meaning they are not enforceable by the courts, however, are considered fundamental in the governance of the country and must be taken into account by the government while formulating laws and policies.

Overall, policy-directive elements are those elements of democratic and constitutional development whose objective is to establish a public-welfare state.

Classification of DPSP — Below you can see the classification of Directive Principles. This will make it easier for you to understand why the articles you are reading have been included in the DPSP and for what purposes it has been targeted.

Socialist⚫ Article 38
⚫ Article 39
⚫ Article 39A
⚫ Article 41
⚫ Article 42
⚫ Article 43
⚫ Article 43A
⚫ Article 47
Gandhian⚫ Article 40
⚫ Article 43
⚫ Article 43B
⚫ Article 46
⚫ Article 48
⚫ Article 44
⚫ Article 45
⚫ Article 48
⚫ Article 48A
⚫ Article 49
⚫ Article 50
⚫ Article 51

Apart from this, the directive elements can also be seen by dividing them into the following groups;

Welfare State Article 38 (1 and 2), Article 39 (B and C), Article 39A, Article 41, Article 42, Article 43, Article 43A and Article 47 are kept in the Policy Directive Principles of this group.

Equality of Dignity & Opportunity Articles 40, 41, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48 and 50 are kept in the policy directive elements of this group.

individual ‘s rights Articles 39A, 41, 42, 43, 45 and 47 are kept in the Policy Directive Principles of this group.

Article 36 to Article 51 comes under Part 4 of the Constitution. In this article we are going to understand Article 47 ;

⚫ Article-34 – Indian Constitution
⚫ Article-35 – Indian Constitution


Article 47 – Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health

This article can be seen by dividing it into two parts.

first part – Under this article, the State shall consider the raising of the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its people and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties.

The Government of India has implemented several programs and policies aimed at raising the nutritional level and standard of living for its citizens. Some examples include:

◾ Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS): The program aims to improve the health and nutrition of children below 6 years of age as well as pregnant and lactating women. It provides supplementary nutrition, health check-up and pre-school education.

◾National Food Security Act (NFSA): The Act aims to provide food security to a large section of the population by providing subsidized food grains to eligible households.

◾National Health Mission (NHM): The mission aims to improve the availability and access of health care for citizens, including maternal and child health services, with a focus on improving nutrition.

◾ Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana: This scheme provides financial assistance to pregnant and lactating women for their nutritional and healthcare needs.

◾ Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana: The objective of this scheme is to provide affordable housing to the economically weaker section of the society, which will help in improving their standard of living.

◾ Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: The objective of this cleanliness drive is to provide clean and hygienic living conditions, which is an important factor for good health and nutrition.

◾National Nutrition Mission (NNM): The mission aims to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anemia and low birth weight among children and women. It focuses on improving the nutritional status of pregnant women, lactating mothers and children below 2 years of age.

◾ Mid Day Meal Scheme: The scheme provides hot cooked meals to school going children to increase their nutritional intake and attendance at school.

◾ Jan Dhan Yojana: The scheme aims at providing financial inclusion to the poor and vulnerable by providing bank accounts, debit cards and accident insurance. This can help improve their standard of living and access to financial services.

◾ Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA): The objective of this Act is to provide minimum 100 days of employment to every household in rural areas. This can help in improving their economic condition and standard of living.

◾Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana: This scheme provides insurance coverage to farmers for crop loss due to unforeseen events like natural calamities, pests and diseases. This can help in improving the economic condition of the farmers and raising the standard of living.

Talking about public health, the Government of India has taken several steps to improve public health in the country. Some examples include:

◾ National Rural Health Mission (NRHM): NRHM aims to improve the availability and access of health care for citizens living in rural areas with a focus on maternal and child health as well as provision of comprehensive primary health services.

◾Ayushman Bharat Yojana: The scheme aims to provide health insurance coverage to over 100 million economically weaker families, thereby providing them access to quality healthcare.

◾ National Program for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (npcdcs): The program aims to curb the burden of non-communicable diseases in the country by providing early diagnosis and management services through a network of public health facilities and to control. ,

◾ National Vector Borne Disease Control Program (NVBDCP): The program aims to control and prevent the spread of vector borne diseases such as malaria, dengue and chikungunya through the use of measures such as vector control, early diagnosis and treatment.

National Immunization Programme: The objective of this program is to provide vaccination to individuals to protect them from various diseases like measles, polio and tetanus.

◾ National Mental Health Programme: This program aims to improve the mental health of citizens by providing community-based care and support services.

◾ National Program for Health Care of Elderly: This program aims to improve health care for elderly citizens, such as geriatric clinics, day-care centers and home-based care.

These are just a few examples, Government of India and State Government run many schemes for the betterment of the citizens.

The second part –Secondly, that the State shall, in particular, endeavor to prohibit the consumption, except for medicinal purposes, of intoxicating drinks and drugs injurious to health.

The Government of India has taken several steps to prevent the use of alcoholic beverages and drugs injurious to health. Some examples include:

Prohibition : Some states in India have implemented Prohibition , which bans the sale, manufacture, and consumption of alcohol. such as Bihar and Gujarat

◾ Legal drinking age: The legal drinking age in India is 25 years, which is higher than many other countries.

Excise Duty: The government imposes maximum excise duty on liquor, making it more expensive and may discourage consumption.

◾ Ban on advertisement: The government has banned the advertisement of alcohol and tobacco products to discourage consumption.

Rehabilitation Centres: The government has set up rehabilitation centers and hospitals to provide treatment to persons suffering from alcohol and drug addiction.

Narcotics Control Bureau: It is a government agency responsible for enforcing laws related to the possession, sale and use of illegal drugs.

◾ NDPS (Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances) Act: This Act provides for the control and regulation of production, supply and use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. There is also a provision for punishment for the criminals.

National Action Plan for Drug Demand Reduction: The scheme aims to reduce drug demand through a multi-pronged approach that includes awareness campaigns, treatment and rehabilitation, and law enforcement.

◾ De- addiction Centres: The government also runs de-addiction centres, where individuals can receive counseling and treatment for addiction.

These are just a few examples, and the Government of India is constantly updating and implementing new policies to prevent the use of alcoholic beverages and drugs that are injurious to health.

remember here thatLiqueur or alcohol may be used in the manufacture of medicinal preparations. This does not mean that intoxicants can be used freely as medicine.

For example, hemp can be exempted for medicinal use.

This article does not give any enforceable right to any citizen to possess or consume alcoholic beverages, even if the consumption is for medicinal purposes.

So overall this is Article 47, I hope you have understood. To understand other article, you can use the link given below.

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Disclaimer - The articles and their interpretations presented here are based on the original Constitution (latest edition), DD Basu's commentary on the Constitution (mainly) and various scholars of the Constitution (whose writings are available in newspapers, magazines and audio-visuals on the Internet). We have just tried to make it interesting and easy to understand.