This article is a compilation of Article 46 as it is. You can understand it well, that’s why its explanation is also given below, you must read it. Its explanation is also available in Hindi, for this you can use the link given below;
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|📖 Read This Article in Hindi|
📜 Article 46
|46. Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections.—The State shall promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation.|
The literal meaning of the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) is the principles that guide the policy of the state .
When the constitution was framed, the people had no experience of ruling in a democratic state and making laws in the interest of the country. Especially for the states that were about to take over after a long colonial period.
As we know that it is not mandatory for politicians in our country to be educated . In such a situation, a guide becomes necessary so that the policy makers always know which way to go.
◾ It was not that DPSP was a new idea but it was already working in Ireland and we took it from there.
◾ The Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) are the guidelines for making laws and policies for the welfare and development of the citizens. These are included in Part IV of the Indian Constitution.
These principles are non-enforceable, meaning they are not enforceable by the courts, however, are considered fundamental in the governance of the country and must be taken into account by the government while formulating laws and policies.
Overall, policy-directive elements are those elements of democratic and constitutional development whose objective is to establish a public-welfare state.
Classification of DPSP — Below you can see the classification of Directive Principles. This will make it easier for you to understand why the articles you are reading have been included in the DPSP and for what purposes it has been targeted.
|⚫ Article 38|
⚫ Article 39
⚫ Article 39A
⚫ Article 41
⚫ Article 42
⚫ Article 43
⚫ Article 43A
⚫ Article 47
|Gandhian||⚫ Article 40|
⚫ Article 43
⚫ Article 43B
⚫ Article 46
⚫ Article 48
|⚫ Article 44|
⚫ Article 45
⚫ Article 48
⚫ Article 48A
⚫ Article 49
⚫ Article 50
⚫ Article 51
Apart from this, the directive elements can also be seen by dividing them into the following groups;
Welfare State Article 38 (1 and 2), Article 39 (B and C), Article 39A, Article 41, Article 42, Article 43, Article 43A and Article 47 are kept in the Policy Directive Principles of this group.
Equality of Dignity & Opportunity Articles 40, 41, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48 and 50 are kept in the policy directive elements of this group.
individual ‘s rights Articles 39A, 41, 42, 43, 45 and 47 are kept in the Policy Directive Principles of this group.
Article 36 to Article 51 comes under Part 4 of the Constitution. In this article we are going to understand Article 46 ;
| Article 46 – Promotion of educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections
Under this article, the state shall promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people , in particular, the SCs and STs, and protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation.
Who is the weaker section ?
If you have read Article 15, then in Article 15(4) the word “Backward class” has been used.
So in view of the above article, the term “weaker section” is used for those persons or groups who are not Scheduled Castes or Scheduled Tribes. But educationally and economically backwardness is the same as that of SCs and STs.
When it comes to education and economic interests of SC and ST, the state does a lot in this regard. Such as reservation of seats in educational institutions, reduction in fees, etc.
To understand in detail, must read Reservation and Conflict between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles ;
So overall this is Article 46, I hope you have understood. To understand other article, you can use the link given below.
| Related Article
|Hindi Articles||English Articles|
|⚫ अनुच्छेद 45|
⚫ अनुच्छेद 47
|⚫ Article 45|
⚫ Article 46
|⚫ भारतीय संविधान|
⚫ संसद की बेसिक्स
⚫ मौलिक अधिकार बेसिक्स
⚫ भारत की न्यायिक व्यवस्था
⚫ भारत की कार्यपालिका
⚫ Basics of Parliament
⚫ Fundamental Rights
⚫ Judiciary in India
⚫ Executive in India
Disclaimer - The articles and their interpretations presented here are based on the original Constitution (latest edition), DD Basu's commentary on the Constitution (mainly) and various scholars of the Constitution (whose writings are available in newspapers, magazines and audio-visuals on the Internet). We have just tried to make it interesting and easy to understand.