This article is a compilation of Article 45 as it is. You can understand it well, that’s why its explanation is also given below, you must read it. Its explanation is also available in Hindi, for this you can use the link given below;

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article 45
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Article 45

📜 Article 45

1[45. Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of six years.—The State shall endeavour to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years.]
1. Subs. by the Constitution (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002, s. 3, for art. 45
(w.e.f. 1-4-2010)

🔍 Explanation

 The literal meaning of the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) is the principles that guide the policy of the  state .

When  the constitution  was framed, the people had  no experience of ruling in a democratic state and making laws in the interest of the country. Especially for the states that were about to take over after a long colonial period.

As we know that   it is not mandatory for politicians in our country to be educated. In such a situation, a guide becomes necessary so that the policy makers always know which way to go.

◾ It was not that DPSP was a new idea but   it was already working in Ireland and we took it from there.

◾ The Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) are the guidelines for making laws and policies for the welfare and development of the citizens. These are included in Part IV of the Indian Constitution.

These principles are non-enforceable, meaning they are not enforceable by the courts, however, are considered fundamental in the governance of the country and must be taken into account by the government while formulating laws and policies.

Overall, policy-directive elements are those elements of democratic and constitutional development whose objective is to establish a public-welfare state.

Classification of DPSP — Below you can see the classification of Directive Principles. This will make it easier for you to understand why the articles you are reading have been included in the DPSP and for what purposes it has been targeted.

Socialist⚫ Article 38
⚫ Article 39
⚫ Article 39A
⚫ Article 41
⚫ Article 42
⚫ Article 43
⚫ Article 43A
⚫ Article 47
Gandhian⚫ Article 40
⚫ Article 43
⚫ Article 43B
⚫ Article 46
⚫ Article 48
⚫ Article 44
⚫ Article 45
⚫ Article 48
⚫ Article 48A
⚫ Article 49
⚫ Article 50
⚫ Article 51

Apart from this, the directive elements can also be seen by dividing them into the following groups;

Welfare State Article 38 (1 and 2), Article 39 (B and C), Article 39A, Article 41, Article 42, Article 43, Article 43A and Article 47 are kept in the Policy Directive Principles of this group.

Equality of Dignity & Opportunity Articles 40, 41, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48 and 50 are kept in the policy directive elements of this group.

individual ‘s rights Articles 39A, 41, 42, 43, 45 and 47 are kept in the Policy Directive Principles of this group.

Article 36 to Article 51 comes under Part 4 of the Constitution. In this article we are going to understand Article 45 ;

⚫ Article-34 – Indian Constitution
⚫ Article-35 – Indian Constitution


| Article 45 – Provision for early childhood care and education for children under the age of six years

Under this article, the state shall endeavor to provide for early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years.

In India, the provision of Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) for children under the age of six is ​​mainly done through the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) programme.

The program is run by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, and aims to provide comprehensive development services to children below the age of six years as well as pregnant women and lactating mothers.

Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) ProgramProvides a range of services including supplementary nutrition, pre-school education, health check-ups, immunizations and referral services. Anganwadi centers are the primary delivery point for these services, where children are provided with supplementary nutrition, health check-ups and pre-school education.

The ICDS program provides a range of services, including:

◾Nutritional supplements : Children are provided nutritious food to overcome malnutrition and improve overall health.

◾Pre -school education: Basic education and learning activities are provided to prepare children for primary school.

◾ Health check up: Regular health check up of children is done to identify and detect any health problem.

◾Vaccination : Children are given vaccinations to protect them from preventable diseases.

◾ Referral services: Children and their families are referred to other government services and programs as needed. The ICDS program also provides services to pregnant and lactating women, including nutritional supplements, health check-ups and referral services.

The ICDS program is targeted at children and families living in rural and tribal areas and from disadvantaged backgrounds with a focus on people belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. The program also targets children and families affected by specific issues such as child labour, child marriage and child trafficking.

The ICDS program is widely regarded as one of the most important and successful programs for child development in India. 

However, the coverage and quality of services provided under the program varies across states, and the government has been criticized for not providing enough funding and resources to ensure the program’s success.

So overall this is Article 45, I hope you have understood. To understand other article, you can use the link given below.

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Disclaimer - The articles and their interpretations presented here are based on the original Constitution (latest edition), DD Basu's commentary on the Constitution (mainly) and various scholars of the Constitution (whose writings are available in newspapers, magazines and audio-visuals on the Internet). We have just tried to make it interesting and easy to understand.