This article is a compilation of Article 44 as it is. You can understand it well, that’s why its explanation is also given below, you must read it. Its explanation is also available in Hindi, for this you can use the link given below;

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article 44
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Article 44

📜 Article 44

44. Uniform civil code for the citizens.—The State shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India.

🔍 Explanation

 The literal meaning of the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) is the principles that guide the policy of the  state .

When  the constitution  was framed, the people had  no experience of ruling in a democratic state and making laws in the interest of the country. Especially for the states that were about to take over after a long colonial period.

As we know that   it is not mandatory for politicians in our country to be educated . In such a situation, a guide becomes necessary so that the policy makers always know which way to go.

◾ It was not that DPSP was a new idea but   it was already working in Ireland and we took it from there.

◾ The Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) are the guidelines for making laws and policies for the welfare and development of the citizens. These are included in Part IV of the Indian Constitution.

These principles are non-enforceable, meaning they are not enforceable by the courts, however, are considered fundamental in the governance of the country and must be taken into account by the government while formulating laws and policies.

Overall, policy-directive elements are those elements of democratic and constitutional development whose objective is to establish a public-welfare state.

Classification of DPSP — Below you can see the classification of Directive Principles. This will make it easier for you to understand why the articles you are reading have been included in the DPSP and for what purposes it has been targeted.

Socialist⚫ Article 38
⚫ Article 39
⚫ Article 39A
⚫ Article 41
⚫ Article 42
⚫ Article 43
⚫ Article 43A
⚫ Article 47
Gandhian⚫ Article 40
⚫ Article 43
⚫ Article 43B
⚫ Article 46
⚫ Article 48
⚫ Article 44
⚫ Article 45
⚫ Article 48
⚫ Article 48A
⚫ Article 49
⚫ Article 50
⚫ Article 51

Apart from this, the directive elements can also be seen by dividing them into the following groups;

Welfare State Article 38 (1 and 2), Article 39 (B and C), Article 39A, Article 41, Article 42, Article 43, Article 43A and Article 47 are kept in the Policy Directive Principles of this group.

Equality of Dignity & Opportunity Articles 40, 41, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48 and 50 are kept in the policy directive elements of this group.

individual ‘s rights Articles 39A, 41, 42, 43, 45 and 47 are kept in the Policy Directive Principles of this group.

Article 36 to Article 51 comes under Part 4 of the Constitution. In this article we are going to understand Article 44 ;

⚫ Article-34 – Indian Constitution
⚫ Article-35 – Indian Constitution


| Article 44 – Uniform Civil Code for the citizens

A Uniform Civil Code is a set of laws that apply to all citizens of a country, regardless of their religious beliefs. It aims to treat all citizens equally and provide general rules for marriage, divorce, inheritance and other personal matters.

The idea of ​​Uniform Civil Code (UCC) in India has been a contentious issue for many years. At present, India has separate laws for different religious communities with regard to marriage, divorce, inheritance and other personal matters.

A UCC would replace these separate laws with a common set of laws that would apply to all citizens, regardless of their religious beliefs.

The main idea behind the UCC is to treat all citizens equally and to provide a common set of rules for personal matters as a way of promoting national integration and secularism.

The Indian Constitution calls for the UCC as part of its Directive Principles of State Policy, which are non-binding guidelines for government policy.

The UCC has been a political issue in India since the country’s independence in 1947, with some political parties and groups supporting it, while others opposing it.

Proponents argue that the UCC will help eliminate discrimination and improve gender equality, while opponents argue that it will undermine the rights of religious minorities and could lead to communal tensions.

The government has not yet taken any concrete steps towards the implementation of UCC. The issue remains a matter of debate, and it is uncertain if or when the UCC will be implemented in India.


The idea of ​​a Uniform Civil Code (UCC) in India has evolved over time, with the issue becoming increasingly contentious as the country has developed.

During the colonial period, British administrators applied a common set of laws to all citizens regardless of their religious beliefs.

These laws were based on the British legal system and were intended to promote efficiency and stability. After India gained independence in 1947, the government considered the idea of ​​UCC as a way to promote national integration and secularism.

However, the UCC has been a controversial issue ever since, with some political parties and groups supporting it and others opposing it.

In the early years of independence, the government focused on other priorities and the UCC was not a major issue. However, in the 1970s and 1980s, the issue gained prominence as a result of a series of Supreme Court judgments calling on the government to implement the UCC.

These decisions were based on the idea that a UCC would be necessary to ensure that all citizens are treated equally under the law.

In recent years, the UCC has become an increasingly controversial issue, particularly with regard to the rights of women and religious minorities.

So overall this is Article 44, I hope you have understood. To understand other article, you can use the link given below.

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Disclaimer - The articles and their interpretations presented here are based on the original Constitution (latest edition), DD Basu's commentary on the Constitution (mainly) and various scholars of the Constitution (whose writings are available in newspapers, magazines and audio-visuals on the Internet). We have just tried to make it interesting and easy to understand.