This article is a compilation of Article 42 as it is. You can understand it well, that’s why its explanation is also given below, you must read it. Its explanation is also available in Hindi, for this you can use the link given below;

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article 42
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Article 42

📜 Article 42

42. Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief.—The State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief.

🔍 Explanation

 The literal meaning of the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) is the principles that guide the policy of the  state .

When  the constitution  was framed, the people had  no experience of ruling in a democratic state and making laws in the interest of the country. Especially for the states that were about to take over after a long colonial period.

As we know that   it is not mandatory for politicians in our country to be educated . In such a situation, a guide becomes necessary so that the policy makers always know which way to go.

◾ It was not that DPSP was a new idea but  it was already working in Ireland and we took it from there.

◾ The Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) are the guidelines for making laws and policies for the welfare and development of the citizens. These are included in Part IV of the Indian Constitution.

These principles are non-enforceable, meaning they are not enforceable by the courts, however, are considered fundamental in the governance of the country and must be taken into account by the government while formulating laws and policies.

Overall, policy-directive elements are those elements of democratic and constitutional development whose objective is to establish a public-welfare state.

Classification of DPSP — Below you can see the classification of Directive Principles. This will make it easier for you to understand why the articles you are reading have been included in the DPSP and for what purposes it has been targeted.

Socialist⚫ Article 38
⚫ Article 39
⚫ Article 39A
⚫ Article 41
⚫ Article 42
⚫ Article 43
⚫ Article 43A
⚫ Article 47
Gandhian⚫ Article 40
⚫ Article 43
⚫ Article 43B
⚫ Article 46
⚫ Article 48
⚫ Article 44
⚫ Article 45
⚫ Article 48
⚫ Article 48A
⚫ Article 49
⚫ Article 50
⚫ Article 51

Apart from this, the directive elements can also be seen by dividing them into the following groups;

Welfare State Article 38 (1 and 2), Article 39 (B and C), Article 39A, Article 41, Article 42, Article 43, Article 43A and Article 47 are kept in the Policy Directive Principles of this group.

Equality of Dignity & Opportunity Articles 40, 41, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48 and 50 are kept in the policy directive elements of this group.

individual ‘s rights Articles 39A, 41, 42, 43, 45 and 47 are kept in the Policy Directive Principles of this group.

Article 36 to Article 51 comes under Part 4 of the Constitution. In this article we are going to understand Article 42 ;

⚫ Article-34 – Indian Constitution
⚫ Article-35 – Indian Constitution


Article 42 – Provision of just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief

Under this Directive provision the State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief.

In other words, it means that the state will create favorable conditions for human work and secondly, it will provide maternity relief for pregnant women .

⚫ Government of India has taken several steps to create favorable working conditions for its citizens . Some of the major initiatives include:

National Policy on Safety, Health and Environment at Workplace: The government has formulated a policy to ensure the safety, health and environment of workers in all sectors of the economy. It lays down guidelines for creating safe and healthy working conditions and provides for monitoring and enforcement of safety standards.

◾ Minimum Wages Act: The government has set a minimum wage that must be paid to workers in various sectors. This act ensures that workers are paid a fair wage for their labor and helps prevent exploitation.

Labor Laws: The government has enacted several laws to protect the rights and welfare of workers. These laws cover issues such as working hours, leave and social security benefits.

◾ Skill Development and Vocational Training: The government provides skill development and vocational training programs to equip citizens with the necessary skills to make them employable. It helps in creating better employment opportunities for the citizens and increasing their earning potential.

National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme: The government guarantees 100 days of employment in a financial year to adult members of any rural household willing to do unskilled manual labor at the statutory minimum wage rate.

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana: The government launched this scheme for the welfare of workers and low-income groups affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The scheme includes financial assistance, food security and employment generation.

These are some of the major steps taken by the Government of India to create favorable working conditions for its citizens. The government continues to work on policies, plans and programs to improve the living conditions of the citizens and provide better opportunities to them.

maternity support

The Government of India has implemented several measures to provide maternity relief to working women . Some of the major initiatives include:

◾ Maternity Benefit Act: The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 provides for payment of maternity benefit for a period of 12 weeks before and after delivery to women employees in certain establishments. The Act applies to all women employees in factories, mines, plantations and shops and establishments.

The Government of India has increased the maternity leave for Central Government employees from the existing 12 weeks to 26 weeks under the Maternity Benefit (Central Government Employees) Rules.

◾ Work from home: The government has allowed the option of working from home for pregnant women and lactating mothers as per the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act 2017, so that they can take care of their newborn baby be able to continue working.

Crèche Facility : The Maternity Benefit (Amendment ) Act 2017 mandates that every establishment with 50 or more employees must provide crèche facility within a prescribed distance, so that working mothers can take care of their child.

◾ Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana: It is a government-funded scheme that provides financial assistance to pregnant and lactating women for the first birth. The objective of the scheme is to provide better health and nutrition to pregnant and lactating women and their children.

These are some of the major steps taken by the Government of India to provide maternity relief to working women. The government continues to work on policies and programs to improve the living conditions of pregnant and lactating women and provide better opportunities to them.

So overall this is Article 42, I hope you have understood. To understand other article, you can use the link given below.

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Disclaimer - The articles and their interpretations presented here are based on the original Constitution (latest edition), DD Basu's commentary on the Constitution (mainly) and various scholars of the Constitution (whose writings are available in newspapers, magazines and audio-visuals on the Internet). We have just tried to make it interesting and easy to understand.